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  • isvarahparamahkrsnah

    isvarahparamahkrsnah 6:51 am on October 20, 2020 Permalink | Reply
    Tags: , Arch, , Budgie, Cinnamon, , Deepin, distro, , Enlightenment, Enso, , Gentoo, Gnome, i3, init, KDE, , , , Liri, LXDE, LXQt, , Mate, Openbox, Pantheon, Plasma, , Semicode, Slackware, , , Ubuntu, XFCE   

    A Brief History Of Krsnah Desktop OS 

    I’ve procrastinated writing this article for almost 7 months now.
    With the next generation of my personalized OS looming in the horizon, I need to get this done right now. Otherwise it’ll never be done.

    What is Krsnah Desktop OS?
    Krsnah Desktop OS is a full-fledged OS based on Linux. Just like it’s sister OS is based on Android.

    Now, when did I get my netbook?
    I think I got it right after my smartphone.
    Somewhere in late 2015 or early 2016, I think.
    Let me check my records!
    Okay! I have a Windows 10 ISO that dates back to Feb 2016. So I must’ve got it around that time.

    My netbook came preloaded with Windows 8.1 and McAfee Internet Security. It also came with a goldfish malware thingy? What’s the word? Spyfish? SUPERFISH! Right. Thanks duckduckgo.

    So I upgraded my netbook to Windows 10 and that didn’t work out quite well because it was just too slow. It was horrible!
    At that time I was quite deep into the whole privacy thing. So I looked into Linux and decided to dive headfirst into it.

    I can’t remember the first Linux distro that I tried. Was it Solus? Or was it Manjaro?
    I think it was Solus. Solus was still quite new at the time and I was really enticed by the Budgie desktop. (Budgie became so popular later on, that a number of distros adopted it – Arch, Gentoo, Ubuntu, Debian and so on.)

    So I tried Solus out but it was still quite new and didn’t have many of the packages I was looking for.
    Since I was coming from Windows, I was looking for an advanced GUI firewall, network monitor etc.
    I ditched Solus pretty quickly. Though I would return to it later on, amidst trying out different distros. When I needed to get back online, I would pop Solus in and get things running pretty fast.

    I looked into Arch.
    Arch was the most interesting Linux brand for me at the time. (It was also overly hyped. Gentoo is the best!)
    I installed Manjaro and had it running for a while.
    However, it had a lot of bugs and I was quickly becoming an angry frustrated computer guy because of it.

    I bumped into Elementary OS.
    Elementary OS is a beautiful distro.
    It runs really nicely and smoothly.
    But at that time, I had a problem with it. What was the OS name? Juno? No! It was LOKI! Yes! Loki! Thanks duckduckgo.
    Loki was fast and smooth. But I could multitask on it because it didn’t detect my SWAP. As a result, it only utilized my 2 Gigs of RAM.

    I think I tried out a bunch of different distros at that time. I checked out Fedora, Subgraph (anyone remember Subgraph? The entire privacy community was chattering about it. Then I downloaded it and couldn’t even get it to install. What a pile of crap! It was an alpha version and apparently it’s still on alpha all this time!
    Who are the developers of Subgraph OS and what have they been doing all this time? Show yourselves! I’m gonna smack you in the head with a tray of eggs.) Debian, Sabayon, Ubuntu, and so on.

    Then I checked out Gentoo. And I was very interested. I think I discovered Enso OS at that time, along with Trenta OS, Liri OS, Semicode OS, and I started noticing a theme.
    I discovered the key to making your own distro.

    Now everyone knows how Android works. Every Android phone basically runs the same OS, except for the minor (or major) tweaks that the smartphone company makes to the user interface, adding a few preinstalled apps etc.
    The biggest difference in Android phones isn’t the OS. It’s the hardware.

    Here’s how Linux works.
    All developers, hold onto your seats! I’m about to crash your egos straight into the ground.
    Arch, Gentoo, Debian, BSD, and Slackware are the forefathers of Linux.
    Every Linux distro out there either borrows something from the above, or is based entirely on the above!

    When you start going through all these distros one after another, constantly switching and trying to find the perfect fit, you come to realize that all these distros have so much in common.

    Then come the desktop environments and window managers. If you’re running Gnome on Gentoo and Gnome on Debian, they’ll look identical.
    No one will be able to tell the difference from a visual perspective.

    The difference comes in the installers, the package managers, the init systems, and of course, some commands.

    One of the problems with most distros is that they’re only customizable up to a certain level. You can change the wallpaper, dock location and transparency and font and some icons. But that’s it! And it is indeed enough for most people to be able to have their personalized desktop. But not me!

    Another problem to be considered when selecting a distro is the availability of apps and how easy it is to build your own should the need arise.
    Unfortunately, that problem has not been solved in any of the derivative distros. Often, developers will only package applications that they think the user would need. So you might not always find what you’re looking for.

    Finally, the main problem to be considered when everything has been sorted out, is how smooth the OS runs and how much resources it needs. I’ve found some distros to be consuming 800+ Megs of Ram on first run, with no user apps running in the background.
    And some lightweight distros only consume 300-400 Mb on idle, with no user apps running.
    Usually these distros came with an ugly LXDE or Openbox window manager. And that just wasn’t cutting it for me.
    If I’m going to spend 6 hours of my day looking at my computer screen, I don’t wanna be staring at a Windows 98 themed LXDE interface.

    Plasma, KDE, Deepin, Pantheon and Gnome are heavy on system resources, whereas i3, LXDE, LXQt, Enlightenment and XFCE are quite lightweight and minimalistic. Mate, Budgie and Cinnamon are somewhere in the middle.

    Arch and Debian had all the packages in the world. Gentoo is missing some. BSD is missing quite a few and Slackware, well, I haven’t tested it. And I don’t think I will any time soon.
    I think a large proportion of Linux users are using Arch, Debian or one of their variants.

    Now, every distro has some bugs. But the worst bugs came from Arch and it’s derivatives.
    The most complex and time consuming is Gentoo. It really takes a while to set things up on Gentoo.

    The above section of this article was written on Tuesday, 13th October 2020.
    It’s now Tuesday, 20th October 2020. And I have absolutely 0 willpower to finish this article right now. Maybe in the future. Until then, that’s all you get.

     
  • isvarahparamahkrsnah

    isvarahparamahkrsnah 7:32 pm on June 19, 2020 Permalink | Reply
    Tags: Artix, , Devuan, distro, , , , , Lubuntu, , , OpenRC, OS, Qubes, RAM, Runit, , , , Systemd, Whonix   

    Linux: Your Distro Sucks! 

    I just posted an article about my Lenovo netbook. To be quite fair, it is the slowest and worst netbook in the history of computers. And it just had to be my luck to be gifted one when my HP laptop died.

    My netbook is so bad, that even a beggar on the streets would bash it on the ground and stomp on it until it broke to pieces.

    The only thing worse than owning this piece of Lenovo crap, is death by Covid-19.

    But I’m the man who had no choices. I didn’t have money to buy another laptop, so I had to figure out a way to make things work.

    The netbook came preinstalled with Windows 8.1. But it was too damn slow. I upgraded it to Windows 10. It was still too damn slow. So I decided to check out Linux.

    Linux in general is known for being lightweight, faster than Windows, and able to run on slow and old hardware.

    However, times are changing fast, and the latest Linux distros can no longer run well on slow and old hardware, especially my netbook.

    Here’s my experience with Linux distros that I’ve tried:

    1. Manjaro: OS did not utilize the SWAP I’d allocated. Running solely on the 2GB RAM made it slow. Package problems showed signs that the OS could break easily during updates, app installations and removal.
    2. Elementary: Loki did not utilize the SWAP. Nice looking distro but too slow on RAM alone.
    3. Solus: Took several hours to figure out how to install. Missing a lot of software.
    4. Fedora: Couldn’t install drivers for WiFi. Hence unusable.
    5. Qubes: Couldn’t meet minimum system requirements to run
    6. Whonix: Couldn’t meet minimum system requirements to run
    7. Debian: Jessie failed to install from Live CD
    8. Subgraph: Failed to install
    9. Sabayon: Failed to complete installation while downloading packages online
    10. Lubuntu: Installed, failed to run, messed up boot options
    11. Krsnah Desktop OS v1.0: Custom Linux build. My first positive experience with an OS on this crappy Lenovo netbook

    Recently there an online debate sparked up regarding systemd’s developer using Google for fallback NTP servers. A lot of people were disgusted by systemd and some people had moved to systems with alternative Inits like Runit and OpenRC I checked out forums and websites mentioning the advantages of Runit and OpenRC over systemd. The general consensus is that Runit and OpenRC are faster, more efficient and easier to manage than systemd. So I thought I’d give it a go.I looked up the distros that used Runit and OpenRC and decided to go with the most popular ones.

    1. Artix – based on Arch. I chose the Runit version. Once I installed it, the OS had no visible package manager. I was left with a bunch of preinstalled basic apps and that was it. There’s less than 100 people on the planet who are currently using Artix. The forums are dead, there isn’t much information available for anyone stuck with a problem, and one has no choice but to sign up, wait for admin approval, and ask questions directly to the devs. I realized that the package manager had to be run from the terminal. There is no front end GUI for their package manager. If there is, users would have to install it manually. I didn’t want to go on a learning curve for an ugly distro which looked like it might die any day now. Did I mention the slow boot times?
    2. Devuan – based on Debian. Website hinted that there might be a lack of drivers for WiFi. Beowulf could not begin installation without formatting the old /home partition. I didn’t have time to backup all the data to an external drive and restore it if and when beowulf disappointed me. So many Linux distros can use the old /home partition without formatting it. What makes Devuan/Debian so special? Boo! Waste of my time.
    3. Lubuntu – Weird installation; poorly written website doesn’t provide any information on configuration during installation. Distro is slow as hell. This is clearly not meant for 2Gb netbooks. Booting is slow, login is slow and the LXQt is the ugliest desktop environment I’ve used. False advertisement. The devs need to specify this distro for high end machines.
    4. Elementary OS – Hera looks beautiful, works like a charm. I’m impressed. Unfortunately, this distro needs a minimum of 4GB RAM. The system uses over 1Gb when idle, so there isn’t much left for applications. Poor utilization of SWAP. Even when running multiple applications, the OS fails to utilize SWAP.

    And so I reinstalled Krsnah Desktop OS v4.3. Took me a day to install all the apps and configure the OS. It works better than any distros that I’ve tried.

    I think the best way to create a distro for low end machines is to build and run them on low end machines. That’s the only way the devs will learn how to utilize the resources efficiently and make the OS fast and fluid to use.

    I’m looking into implementing Runit for Krsnah Desktop OS, which currently uses systemd. However I’m not sure if it will indeed make my system run faster and smoothly when I haven’t seen any positive use cases on the distros that I tried. At the end of the day, making your distro systemd-free doesn’t make a difference if your OS is slow and laggy and has a crappy learning curve.

     
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