Glossary of Hunting Terms and Instructions

“Account for” – to kill / run a fox to ground

“All on” – all the hounds counted up and none missing from the pack

“Antis” – the pro-hunt term for anti-hunt monitors or hunt saboteurs

Artificial earth” – a false earth used to encourage foxes to live in an area, a man-made structure to house a fox (from something well-built with chambers to a bit of pipe under some sticks and everything inbetween)

“Association of Masters of Harriers and Beagles” – the governing body of registered hare hound packs

“At bay” – when a stag is exhausted and turns to defend himself against the pack

“At fault” – hounds losing the scent during the hunt – known as ‘a check’

“Autumn Hunting” – the early part of the season from around August to the beginning of the main season – see also ‘cubhunting

“Babbler” or “Babbling” – a hound who speaks when there is no scent – this hounds may not last long in some packs

“Bagged fox / Bagman” – a fox that is captured in advance of a hunt meet and released in front of the hounds from a bag or quad bike. The fox may be tampered with beforehand by having pads slit, being cuffed or being sprayed with something to increase the scent (e.g. aniseed). The fox may be kept in storage, in an artificial earth or newly dug out*

“Bailey’s Hunting Directory” – an annual directory which lists every registered hunt worldwide along with officials (masters, the hunt secretary, huntsman, whipper-in, point to point secretary, DC) and contact details, kennel address. Was obtainable until 2005 when the Hunting Act came into force and was a hard copy, red colour complete with hunting map. Now digitalised and password protected

“Balled up” – a coursed hare has ‘balled up’ feet when they are clogged with clay

“Bar” – a crowbar used to evict an otter from their holt

“Basset” – a smaller hound used for hare hunting on foot

“to Bay” – this when a terrier barks at a fox in order to bolt it, or guide the diggers to the location. Hounds also bay, or ‘give tongue’ either whilst hunting a line or marking an earth. To ‘stand at bay’ is when the fox (or deer) turns to face the hounds at close quarters

“Beagle” – a smaller hound used for hare hunting on foot

“Beam” – the stem of an antler

“Beaters” – people on foot moving in a line abreast to drive a quarry animal towards guns or hunters

“Belvoir Tan” – a fox hound coloured ‘dark rich mahogany and black’ (DWE Brock)

“Beware hole” – for riders to be careful of potholes, etc. whilst riding – also pronounced as “war ‘ole” (ware hole)

“Biddable” – hounds are said to be ‘biddable’ when they are at their most responsive, e.g. after a check

“Billet” – fox droppings

“Binder” – the top layer of a cut and laid fence which can catch a horse’s hoof on jumping (Clayton, 1984)

“to Bink” – when a fox crawls on to a narrow ledge on a steep crag in order to escape hounds it is said to ‘bink’

“Bitch” – female hound (‘hot bitch’ indicates a hound in season); also a female otter

“Blanched” – when a stag is headed, apparently a very old term

“Blank” – the hunt draws blank when they fail to find a scent or put up a quarry animal from the area they were searching – the covert can be said to be ‘blank’ and the day can be called a ‘blank day’ if no quarry was found

“Blind” – a ditch that you cannot see the bottom of due to grass and weeds

“Blood” – ‘if hounds are ‘in blood’ they have been killing foxes regularly; if they are ‘out of blood’ they have hunted some days without killing’ (Clayton, 1984)

“Blooding” – the practice of putting blood from the hunted animal on the face of a new recruit or child, an initiation rite supposedly discontinued – ‘to blood children is to initiate them as foxhunters by daubing each cheek with the blood of a fresh killed fox’ (DWE Brock)

“Blowing Away” – ‘the huntsman’s series of quick notes on his horn when hounds leave covert on the line of a fox’ (Clayton, 1984)

“Blowing Out” – ‘an appropriate less exuberant note on the horn which the huntsman blows to bring hounds out of a covert which is blank or empty of foxes’ (Clayton, 1984)

“Bob-tailed” – a fox with little or no brush

“Bobbery Pack” – a scratch hunting pack of local dogs including hounds, terriers, lurchers, sheepdogs

“Bolt” – to force a fox or mink out of a drain, stick pile or other place of safety using terriers or drain rods, etc.

Bottom” – can mean a steep gulley that cannot be crossed or used to describe a covert with too much thick undergrowth (‘it has plenty of bottom’)

“Brace” – two foxes / hares / game birds

“Break” – when a fox runs he ‘breaks covert’

“Break/ing up” – the tearing apart / killing of the quarry

“Brock” – a colloquial term for a badger

“Brocket” – male red deer, up to 3 years of age

“Brush” – a colloquial term for the tail of a fox

“British Field Sports Society – BFSS” – this was a pro-hunt lobby group formed in the 1930s by a Mr. Fred Beadle and was the forerunner of the Countryside Alliance

“Brush” – a fox’s tail, often skinned from the tail bone to give as a trophy

“Bullfinch” – a thick, high thorn hedge, sometimes with a ditch

“Buttons” – awarded by hunts to those deemed worthy to wear them. It can be a ‘coming of age’ matter for the children of hunt members and officials, or given after a year or so of hunting or after a big donation to the hunt. Women and farmers will continue to wear black coats with hunt colours on their collars and men can then wear a red coat (or whatever the hunt livery is). There are lots of regional variations – the Duke of Beaufort’s Hunt subscribers wear the ‘blue and buff’ blue coats with white facings, the hunt servants and huntsman wear green and farmers can opt to wear black with hunt buttons. All registered hunt buttons and colours are listed in the Bailey’s directory

“Bye-day” – an additional day of hunting not on the meet card

“Cap” – the daily charge / donation for non-subscribers, given to the hunt secretary

“Car please” – shouted to tell followers to let a car through

“Carries the scent / line” – when the ground surface is clean and does not taint the scent of the fox. When a hound is following a scent

“Carry the horn” – to be huntsman

“Cast/ing” – hounds are cast to look for the line of the quarry (the scent) either by the huntsman or left to make their own cast

“Chain” – when an otter goes from dry land to water air bubbles are released which would alert otter hunters

“Challenge” – ‘the hound which first gives tongue on striking the scent of a fox can be said to ‘challenge’ or ‘open” (Clayton, 1984)

“Change” – when hounds switch on to the scent of a fresh fox from an old one

“Charlie” – along with other names such as ‘Reynard’ and ‘Tod’, the name is often used instead of ‘fox’, thought to originate from the MP Charles James Fox

“Check” – when hounds are on a line but lose the scent

“Chop” – the killing of an animal without a chase

“Clapped” – when a hare stops and hides herself by flattening her body on the ground

“Clean ground” – ‘land which is free of distracting scents such as sheep or cattle stains’ (Clayton, 1984)

“Coffee-housing” – when the mounted field stand around gossiping

“Cold line” – an old scent

“Cold scenting country” – land that does not carry scent well

“Couch” – ‘the kennel or lodging of the otter’ (Duke of Beaufort, 1894)

“Country” – the land which a hunt can hunt on – each registered pack has its own country with borders; different maps exist for fox hunts, mink hunts, stag hunts, etc. but these areas change over time as hunts amalgamate, dissolve or new hunts register

“Couple” – hounds are counted in couples, so 7 couple would be 14 hounds, 7 and a half couple would be 15

“Couples/ed” – when hounds or terriers are shackled together using a small length of chain known as ‘Couplings’. These help keep terriers under control, preventing the risk of sheep worrying or the possibility of a terrier sneaking off to go down a nearby earth. Hounds can also be coupled, especially youngsters chained to older and wiser hounds. Couplings are carried on the saddles of hunt servants

“Coursing” – hare coursing is the pursuit of hares by two dogs; ‘coursing’ can also refer to hounds hunting without noise – if a fox is in sight, for example, and they are no longer following by scent they may give chase silently and with their heads up

“Covert” – a small wood or other area where a fox might be hiding up or where a scent may be picked up, pronounced ‘cover’

“Crockets” – the top points of a stag’s antlers, a very old term

“Cry” – see ‘speak’ – noise made by hounds while hunting

“Cub” – a young fox, the term is used up until the Opening Meet of the hunt; also a young otter

Cub-hunting” – the season can start in early August for some packs though most begin late August / September, very much dependent on the harvest. Cub-hunting meets will be early morning or in the evening when it is cooler. The purpose is to enter new hounds and to teach young foxes to flee from them as well as kill foxes to teach the hounds

“Cur / cur dog” – a canine which is not a hound

“Currant Jelly” – used by Thomas Smith who was writing in 1843 so it is an old term for when hounds are hunting a hare

“Cut me down countries” – old slang expression for the most fashionable and hard riding countries where competition is rife

“Dig-out” – the use of spades or bars, etc. to dig into an earth or sett or other hole to find a fox. Terriers are usually used to locate the fox before the dig takes place

“Dog” – male hound or otter; ‘dog fox’ is a male fox

“Double” – double can mean a feature (like a wide bank) with a ditch on both sides; it can also refer to the huntsman ‘doubling the horn’ where he blows a series of short notes in succession; ‘the double’ refers to an otter leaving a river to go to dry land and then returning to the water during a hunt

“Down wind” – when hounds are running with the wind behind them

“Draft” – hounds that are sent to or received from another pack

“Drag” – scent left by a hare, fox or mink or, in draghunting, the artificial scent laid (not to be confused with ‘trail hunting‘)

“Draw/ing” – putting hounds into an area and moving them through to try and find a scent; can also refer to hounds being ‘drawn out’ of the main pack for hunting, to feed them up, for treatment, etc.

“Earth” – a fox’s home in the ground, also known as a ‘den’. Will be used for breeding, to run to if frightened

“Earth-stopper” – someone employed by the hunt to block or ‘stop’ earths, drains and setts (and other areas a fox may hide up) before a hunt takes place in the area. Used to be a paid job and earth-stoppers would be informed by card as to where to stop and when, though it is now more of a voluntary role played by terriermen / farmers / hunt servants / gamekeepers

“Enter/ed” – when young hounds learn to hunt – an entered hound is one who has completed a season’s hunting e.g. a hound or terrier would be said to be entered to fox, they are now working foxes – either hunting their line or going into fox earths

“Falconry” – the keeping and training and / or sport of hunting with falcons or other birds of prey

“Feather/ing” – when hounds are on a line but are unable to speak to it – they will wave their sterns and have their noses down but not speak until they are certain of the scent

“Fell hunting / packs” – fox hunting in the mountains on foot – hunts include the Blencathra and the Ennerdale

“Feument / Feumishing” – deer dung

“Field” – the mounted followers (or, in the case of a Fell / beagle / mink pack and then it is those following on foot)

“Field Master” – the Master in charge of leading the Field and other supporters. Has the authority to send someone home

“to Find” – when hounds ‘find’ it means they have encountered the fox and made it move on. A terrier is said to find when it stops running and begins baying at the fox (usually trapped by this point in an earth or other hole / tunnel

“Flesh round / house / wagon” – hunt staff pick up farm animals who have died or who are dying or not wanted (such as male dairy calves). They will carry a firearm to kill injured or dying animals and take the carcasses to the flesh house at the kennels to be rendered for hound food (gutted, skinned and chopped up). Hunt servants have substantially boosted their incomes from skin money in the past

“Flush” – the use of dogs to cause a quarry animal to run from its cover

“Fly fences” – fences that can be jumped from a gallop

“Foil” – smells or disturbed ground which spoils the line of scent (sheep, slurry, citronella, petrol fumes, etc.)

“Foot follower” – a person who follows a mounted pack on foot, in a car, on a bike…

“Form” – a small indentation in a field where a hare will shelter

“Fresh find” – to find the hunted animal again

“Gate please” – passed down the line to alert the last person to close a gate

“to Gather” – when the huntsman blows certain notes on the hunting horn to gather the hounds together or to signal the end of hunting for the day – to ‘blow the gather’

“Given best” – when the quarry is allowed to escape

“Gone away” – when the fox leaves his earth or covert this is shouted by a supporter who has seen them break, often accompanied by raising a hat in the air or pointing where the fox was sighted. Other ways to alert the huntsman are by using a holloa (a high-pitched shout) or a whistle (especially with Cotswold packs)

“Gone to ground” – when the hunted animal has escaped into an earth / sett / drain or another place that hounds can not get into – also see ‘to go to ground’

“Good head” – hounds carry a ‘good head’ when they run well together and aren’t spread out

“Good morning” – used at the beginning of the day as a greeting

“Good night” – to say goodbye whenever going home (even if it’s 1pm)

“to go to Ground” – when a pursued fox no longer feels safe fleeing above ground, he will head into an earth / sett / drain / other hole to escape the hounds. This is when terriers may take over

“Guarantee” – ‘the sum of money which a master receives from the hunt committee towards his costs in running the country’ (Clayton, 1984)

“Harbourer” – a local deer expert employed by a stag hunt to select a suitable stag for hunting

“Hark Forward” – encouraging hounds on by the huntsman

“Harrier” – a hound who is smaller than a fox hound and used for hunting hares (and often foxes) from horseback

“Head/ed” – when the quarry animal is made to change direction / turn back into the hounds or frighten them from their intended route. The 10th Duke of Beaufort felt it was a great hunting misdemeanour to do this. It can also be unintentional which is why sabs and monitors need to be careful and quiet if a fox is, or may be, running towards them

“Heads up” – hounds lifting their heads up from the scent – sabs may use horn or voice calls at appropriate times to get hounds to lift their heads and lose the scent for a few valuable seconds

“Heel” – hounds are said to be hunting the heel line if they’re going the wrong way on the scent

“Her” – the hunted hare is always referred to as female

“Heu gaze” – traditionally uttered when an otter is sighted

“Hireling” – a horse hired for a day’s hunting

“Him” – the hunted fox is always referred to as male

“Hind” – female deer

“Hit the line” – when hounds find the line of scent from the fox

“Hold/ing up” – refers to a hunting strategy of the positioning of hunt supporters around a covert in order to keep the foxes and hounds within the covert during cubhunting (they may make noises such as slapping saddles, clapping, waving sticks, shouting ‘aye aye aye’ etc.) Also when hounds are kept in a tight group close to the huntsman, they are being ‘held up’

“Hold hard” – may be called by the Field Master to stop the Field immediately, if they are about to ride into hounds, an injured person is on the floor, etc.

“Holloa” – pronounced ‘holler’ it is a loud, high-pitched sound made to indicate the sighting of the quarry. It may be emphasised by the raising of a hat or replaced by a whistle. A holloa is a direct communication to the hounds (whereas ‘Gone Away’ or use of a whistle are a communication to the huntsman)

“Holt” – an otter’s hole

“Horn” – used by the huntsman to control the hounds – to encourage or call back – or to signify a kill, the end of the day or to call the terriermen in

“Hound exercise” – hounds are taken out for long walks when they are not out hunting. It is done first thing in the morning, and in many cases the evening too, in the summer on foot or on bikes, then on horses as it gets closer to the beginning of cubhunting. Some hunts are now making events out of this in order to raise money and can be mistaken for cubhunting

“Hound jog” – riding at the speed of the hounds either along a road or between coverts

“Hounds” – all scent-hunting dogs are referred to as such

“Hounds please” – to tell followers to move out of the way

“Huic holloa” – pronounced ‘hark holler’ it’s a shout that communicates that a holloa has been heard further on

“Hunt secretary” – runs the financial side of the hunt, pays wages, keeps accounts, takes cap money from supporters at the meet. Will be on the hunt committee and is usually a voluntary role

“Hunt Staff” – responsible for working the hounds (e.g. huntsman, whipper-in, etc.)

“Huntsman” – a senior hunt servant who is employed to look after the hounds and hunt them and to manage the kennels. He will live at kennels. A ‘kennel huntsman’ (KH) may be employed in hunts where one of the Masters is an amateur huntsman and the KH will assist him

“Jack” – male hare

“Jink” – a sudden, sharp turn made by a hunted animal to evade the hounds giving chase

“Kennelman” – works as kennels as a hunt staff

“Kennels” – where hounds and horses are kept, often terriers too. Hunt staff live on site, whether huntsman, whipper-in and stud groom or, for more wealthy packs, more hunt staff

“Kick on” – if a rider stops or makes way for a Master at a gate or jump and the Master says you may go on ahead

“Lay / laid on” – when hounds are introduced to a line, to start them on a scent

“Laid up” – when a vixen has had cubs

“Lark” – when the mounted field messes about, jumping fences when bored

“Law” – the start given to a hunted fox / hare before hounds are released on to them

“Lawn Meet” – hosts provide refreshments at this sociable type of meet

“Leveret” – a young hare

“Lift” – to gather the pack and take them on to where the fox is thought to have gone e.g. if the hounds check at a field of sheep the huntsman may take them round to the other side of the field to see if they will pick up the scent

“Line” – the scent left by a quarry / laid during draghunting

“Livery” – stables where many people who hunt will keep their horses

“Locator” – a radio device used to track signals from a device attached to a terrier’s collar before going underground – the terrierman will have a handheld device to locate them

“Loose horse” – shouted if someone has fallen off and the horse is running away

“Made Worker” – refers to a hound or terrier which is so experienced that they can be relied upon to do their job without further training

“Mark/ing” – ‘marking to ground’ is a term for when the hounds will indicate a fox has ‘gone to ground’ – hidden up in an earth, sett or other hole or tunnel – baying, pawing at the ground, trying to get into the hole (sometimes successfully). They may sometimes silently mark or ‘cold mark’ when a fox resides in a hole as opposed to having just been chased there

“Mask” – the dead fox, otters or hare’s head, given as a trophy; an otter’s head may also be known by ‘pate’

“Master” – people responsible for the running of the hunt and talking to landowners, etc. A Master of Foxhounds (MFH) is the most senior figure in the hunt and used to be absolutely in charge – these days the vast majority of hunts will have more than one master and a committee who can call them into account. Some are paid to do the job, some have to guarantee that they will pay any shortfall. It is complex and will vary from hunt to hunt

“Masters of Foxhounds Association” – the governing body over registered foxhound packs in the UK

“Meet” – where the hunt will meet before going out for the day, a crossroads or farm, house or school or town centre on days such as Boxing Day and New Year’s Day – a ‘meet card’ is a list of dates and times for each hunt meet which used to be printed and sent to all subscribers, supporters, farmers and landowners but is now often digitalised and is password-protected

“Mixed pack” – a pack consisting of male and female hounds, usually smaller hunts use these whereas larger ones will have a bitch pack and a dog hound pack

“Mob” – when hounds surround a fox in covert and kill without there being a chance for them to escape; an exhausted fox may also be mobbed by corvids if they see him ‘sinking’

“Mort” – a note blown on the horn at the death of a hunted deer

“Moving scent” – when hounds switch on to a fresher scent than a drag

“Music” – the noise hounds make when speaking

“Mute” – a hound which hunts without speaking, as with babblers these hounds may have a limited lifespan within some hunts. If hounds are coursing an animal (hunting by sight) they may all run mute

“Needle” – a thin metal rod used to test the soil for tunnels and chambers at a dig-out

“On point” – riders who keep watch at corners or edges of coverts or ride wide to look for signs of the quarry escaping when hounds are put into covert. Appointed from the Field; hunt servants will also be in key positions to communicate to the huntsman where a fox has run or to stop hounds if chasing ‘the wrong’ animal or heading towards a road, railway, etc.

“Open” – to speak when hitting the line; an open earth or sett is one that is not stopped

“Open bitches” – female hounds to breed from, hounds who are not spayed

“Opening meet” – the start of formal hunting – the start of the ‘main season’

“Overrun” – when hounds shoot past a change in direction of the line

“Own” – hounds are said to ‘own the line’ when they pick up a scent

“Pads” – hunting term for the fox’s or otter’s paws, traditionally cut off and given at trophies of the kill

“Pearls” – the rough circular base of a stag’s horns

“Point” – the distance from where the hunted animal is found to where they are killed, lost or they go to ground

“Point to point” – a day of racing over fences organised by the hunt annually, one of the (if not the) most important events for raising money for the hunt

“Pony Club” – each hunt has a branch of the Pony Club, though Pony Clubs are not always associated with a hunt

“Puppy” – a hound who is new to hunting that season – when weaned, young hounds will be sent off to hunt supporters to be raised, socialised and familiarised with livestock and other dogs so that they are well-behaved when hunting begins

“Puss” – hunting term for a hare

“Put to” – the practice of blocking an earth / sett on the morning of a hunting day. Sometimes entrances are blocked at night (see ‘stopping out’) but one is left open which is then ‘put to’ in the morning

“Put up” – an animal is said to be ‘put up’ when they are frightened into running instead of remaining where they are

“Pye” – a fox hound colour which is lighter than tan

“Quarry” – the hunted animal

“Ratcatcher” – a tweed jacket which is the official dress for mounted followers during Autumn Hunting and for visitors to a hunt

“Rate” – to stop the hounds by reprimanding them in a loud, stern voice when they stray from the pack or riot, etc. and this can be accompanied by whip cracking which they are trained to stop to

“Ribbons” – applied to a horse’s tail to communicate to others – usually only used for two things… red for a horse that has kicked out before and green for a horse who is new to hunting

“Ringing” – a fox running in circles

“Riot” – hounds riot when they chase someone they shouldn’t – a deer, for example

“Roots” – turnips / potatoes, etc. all of which can hide a fox and are drawn by hunts in search of a fox (in cubhunting they will draw maize fields)

“Rudder” – tail of an otter, traditionally cut off and given as a trophy

“to Run Down” – to catch a fox on open land – to exhaust and out-manoeuvre them, often after a lengthy hunt

“Runnable / Warrantable” – a deer ‘fit to be hunted’. In 1894 it was written (by the Duke of Beaufort) that this is when the deer is over 5 years of age… but at the time of writing (2018) deer are being hunted at much younger ages

“Scut” – a hare or rabbit’s tail

“Seal” – the footprint of an otter, also known as ‘mark’ or ‘spur’

“Season” – the time period in which hunting takes place

“Seat” – a small depression in the ground dug by a hare in which she lays. Also known as a Scrape or Form

“Sett” – a badger’s home in the ground

“Sinking” – a fox is said to be ‘slipping’ or ‘sinking’ when he becomes exhausted. Often looking bedraggled, sometimes the fox has collapsed only to rally and move on again although foxes may escape the hounds and die later from shock

“Skirter” – a hound who does not keep on the exact line of the hunted animal

“Slot/s” – deer prints; also deer hooves given as trophies

“Speak” – hounds are said to speak, not bark, when following a scent – it is an excited noise sometimes referred to as ‘music’ or ‘in full cry’

“Spear” – used to kill otters, many years pre-Hunting Act. According to Captain Jocelyn Lucas spears were used to hold the otter underwater to drown them or to wound the otter as the wound would ‘smart’ and the otter would run out to dry land

“Spraint” – otter dung

“Squat” – when a hare sits still with exhaustion

“Staggart” – a deer of 4 years of age

“Stale” – an old scent

“Stern” – a hound’s tail

“Stickle” – when otter-hunt followers go from one side of a river to the other to stop an otter passing

“Stiff fox” – a term used by some hunters to refer to foxes who have been run to exhaustion, to the point where their muscles start to seize up and they can no longer run. These foxes are likely to die from stress / shock if they escape the hunt

“Stop out” – blocking earths and badger setts the night before a hunt

“Stub bred” – a fox who was born above ground

“Tail hounds” – those bringing up the rear of the pack

“Tally” – the number of foxes killed during a season

“Tally ho” – a term used by the huntsman to encourage hounds on to a scent – “tally ho back” or “tally ho over” or may be called by experienced members of a hunt to indicate where the quarry has run – Norman in origin

“Tantivying” – riding cross-country, possibly jumping, when not engaged in hunting

“Throw their Tongues” – when the hounds are in full cry

“Throw up” – when hounds lose the line and check, they may lift their heads and look around

“Tine” – the point or branch of a stag’s antler

“Trencher fed” – term for hounds not looked after as a pack, but who live with individuals and brought together for hunting days either to join the main pack or to hunt with other Trencher fed hounds – most likely seen with smaller or unregistered hunts with no kennels and some foot packs

“Tufters” – experienced hounds used to separate the stag from the herd and get him running before the rest of the pack is laid on (pre-Hunting Act)

“Unentered” – a hound who has not yet learned to hunt with the pack

“Vent” – when an otter comes up for air when in water

“View” – to see the hunted fox

“Vixen” – female fox – a ‘heavy vixen’ is a pregnant fox

“Vulpicide” – killing a fox in any way other than hunting / terrierwork – a term not used much these days

“Walk” – ‘to walk a hound-puppy is to take one into a farm or house in the country after they have been weaned & to rear them until they are ready to join the pack 

“Walking out” – hound exercise on foot

“Ware” – short for ‘beware’ but pronounced ‘war’

“Whelps” – puppies who are unweaned

“Whipper-in” – a hunt servant who assists the huntsman and is in training to be a huntsman if a professional (but can be an amateur). Duties include being out on hunting days and being at kennels looking after hounds, doing the knacker round, skinning fallen stock, etc. He will wear hunt livery and buttons. In larger hunts there may be a second whipper-in

“Wind” – when a hound smells a fox

“to Worry” – to kill a fox by throttling it and shaking it, either below ground using a terrier or above with hounds